Save Sydney's Koalas



The Campbelltown area in south-western Sydney contains the only population of koalas listed in NSW by McAlpine et. al. (2015) as likely to be growing1. While koalas found further south in the Wollondilly and Wingecarribee Local Government Areas may also be expanding, those populations are affected by chlamydia. This makes it vital that the chlamydia-free Campbelltown koalas survive as a reservoir of healthy animals from which to regenerate declining populations.

From a scientific, ecological and community perspective, the koalas of Campbelltown are priceless. Few, if any, other major urban areas on earth can claim to support a species as globally recognised and valued as the koala. However, their long-term survival is being directly threatened by the level and speed of urbanisation projected for the Campbelltown and Greater Macarthur area.

In addition to major housing growth over the last few years, the Greater Sydney Commission has set a target of an additional 143,000 dwellings in the next 20 years to be built in south-western Sydney2. The NSW Government’s proposed Greater Macarthur Priority Growth Area will deliver 33,000 of these3, on land that includes important koala corridors.

Already, major planning and development decisions are being proposed. For example, in early 2017, Campbelltown Council voted to submit a rezoning application for the heritage-listed dairy farm property known as Mt Gilead, west of Appin Rd. Mt Gilead contains important koala corridors between the Georges and Nepean Rivers. The Department of Planning and Environment is currently considering whether or not to approve Council’s rezoning proposal.

Alarmingly, this type of decision is being made in the absence of a finalised Government strategy to protect the Campbelltown Koala population from the impacts of projected urbanisation and to enhance existing koala corridors. Equally concerning is the absence of a legally-required satisfactory Koala Plan of Management relevant to the Campbelltown Local Government Area.

On this basis, we, the undersigned, urge Campbelltown City Council and the NSW Government to delay any major rezoning and development decisions in the Greater Macarthur area until a satisfactory and evidenced-based Comprehensive Koala Plan of Management has been prepared, exhibited, adopted and operationalised. We, the undersigned, also urge the NSW Government to apply conservation tenures to all public lands identified as containing koala habitat and/or a koala population, and refrain from using an offsets approach on these lands.

We, the undersigned, further note that:

  • The NSW Government classifies koalas as an 'Iconic Species' in its Saving Our Species Strategy, and states that "iconic species are important socially, culturally and economically, and the community expects them to be effectively managed and protected".
  • The NSW Government has not finalised its whole-of-government Koala Strategy, including its review of State Environmental Planning Policy No.44 – Koala Habitat protection4.
  • Campbelltown Council’s SEPP 44 Koala Management Plan has not been finalised and does not comply with current SEPP 44 requirements.
  • The biodiversity strategy under the Greater Macarthur Corridor Strategy has not been finalised.
  • The koala is listed as a vulnerable species under both NSW and federal legislation, and neither jurisdiction has a current Recovery Plan.


1 McAlpine et. al. 2015. Conserving koalas: A review of the contrasting regional trends, outlooks and policy challenges. Biological Conservation 192 226-236.





  1. Total Environment Centre
  2. National Parks Association of NSW
  3. National Parks Association of NSW (Macarthur Branch)
  4. Nature Conservation Council
  5. Georges River Environmental Alliance
  6. NSW Wildllife Information Rescue & Education Service
  7. Sydney Metropolitan Wildlife Services
  8. Koala Hospital, Port Macquarie
  9. Friends of The Koala Inc
  10. Blue Mountains Conservation Society
  11. Associate Professor Robert Close

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